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Health and Fitness

Health and Fitness


In short we all need to be healthy and fit. We each have our own reasons from looking good naked to being around for the kids, maybe the doctor ordered us too. Obesity is the leading overarching cause of death in the U.S. and I dare say most of the Westernized world.

All too often we fail to think about what we are doing to ourselves and our families. So do it for them as well as yourself.

If you need help find a workout partner or get a fitness trainer. If you look online they aren't all that expensive and can help motivate and guide you to your health and fitness goals.


The US has seen an enormous increase in the number of people considered obese by the medical community. In fact, many call it an obesity epidemic. To combat this we find all sorts of pharmaceutical companies selling the "quick fix" pills, powders, and lotions that do nothing to actually help people take the fat off and keep it off.

Of course the same could be said of the diet industry as well. There are so many different diets going around now you could pick one a month and in a year's time still have more to choose from.

What is truly needed are some sensible proven weight loss tips that people can implement no matter what their present physical condition is. That said let's dive right in.

#1 Drink more water. All too often Americans are borderline dehydrated and so their bodies are working on the water starvation reflex and not flushing the toxins and junk out.

#2 Eat more often. I bet you thought I was going to say eat less. While it is true that to lose weight you need to eat less calories than you expend...you need to eat more often to get the metabolic furnace stoked up and burning right. Get it out of starvation mode. So start the day off with breakfast. Even an instant breakfast drink and a piece of fruit as we head out the door in the morning.

#3 Move more. Depending on your physical condition you need to be moving more. Use the stairs rather than the elevator, park farther out from the office or the store, go for a walk around the block, go dancing, play with your kids. Make it fun. Running is not the only way to burn more calories.

#4 Finally, determine you're "Why". Decide why you want to discard fat. Make your reason big enough to motivate you through the slumps that invariably happen.

Personally, my reason was to be able to live to see my great-grandkids graduate college. My youngest kids are 4 and 6 now. Besides I wanted to get out and play with them without being out of breath all the time.

 

  • Written by Muhammad Ejaz
  • 17 Sep

40 Day running program for 40 - 50 year olds.

This 40 day program is designed for fat burning, weight loss, and building a stronger heart. But in order for this program to work you must make time in your schedule everyday to complete it. You must be the one to say that no matter what I am doing, I will complete my workout everyday, even if it means missing out on other things that we often do for fun.

 

Keywords:
customize workouts,customized workouts,personal workouts,personalized workouts,

 

Article Body:
Everyday is designed for a 30 minute workout routine. So you will need a stopwatch or a watch. Follow this program just as it is planned out, make plans on working out 4 to 6 times per week, if you do not make at least 4 times in any given week you need to go back redo that week. But whatever you do, do not give up.

DAY #1 THROUGH DAY #3
#1) walk for 30 minutes

DAY #4 THROUGH DAY #8
#1) walk for 7 minutes, then jog for 2 minutes
#2) walk for 8 minuets, then jog for 2 minute
#3) walk for 7 minutes, then jog for 1 minute
#4) walk for four minutes cool down

DAY #9 THROUGH DAY #11
#1) walk 7 for minutes, then jog for four minutes
#2) walk 7 for minutes, then jog for three minutes
#3) walk 6 for minutes, then SPRINT (or run hard)for 10 seconds
#4) walk for minutes, then SPRINT (or run hard) for 5 seconds

DAY #12 THROUGH DAY #20
#1) walk for 6 minutes, then jog for 6 minutes
#2) walk for 7 minutes, then jog for 3 minutes
#3) walk for 3 minutes, then jog for 3 minutes
#4) walk for 4 minutes cool down

DAY #21 THROUGH DAY #23
#1) walk for 3 minutes, jog for eight minutes
#2) walk for 3 minutes, then SPRINT (or run hard) for 15 seconds
#3) walk for 3 minutes, then SPRINT (or run hard) for 10 seconds
#4) walk for 3 minutes, then SPRINT (or run hard) for 8 seconds
#5) walk for 5 minutes, then SPRINT (or run hard) for 8 seconds
#6) walk for 5 minutes, then jog for 1 minute
#7) walk for 2 minutes cool down

DAY #24 THROUGH DAY #29
#1) walk for 5 minutes, then jog for 10 minutes
#2) walk for 5 minutes, then jog for 7 minutes
#3) walk for 3 minutes cool down

DAY #30 THROUGH DAY #35
#1) walk for 4 minutes, then jog for 15 minutes
#2) walk for 3 minutes, then jog for 5 minutes
#3) walk for 3 minutes cool down

DAY #36 THROUGH DAY # 40
#1) walk for 3 minutes, then jog for 27 minutes

Dale Dupree
copyright 2007

 

  • Written by Muhammad Ejaz
  • 17 Sep

50th Wedding anniversary

Jean looked through the window at the birds flying calmly in the sky and some dogs running on the beach. It was a nice day and she felt calm and content to be there, memories came back from her younger days: when she knew she loved John, the the weather conditions had been equal and she, as a modest girl with attractive face and long and bright hair, had been happy to pulled towards her, a young bank manager.

 

Keywords:
Levitra, Viagra, Cialis, Generic Viagra, Generic Levitra, Generic Cialis, Pharmacy, Pills

 

Article Body:
Jean looked through the window at the birds flying calmly in the sky and some dogs running on the beach. It was a nice day and she felt calm and content to be there, memories came back from her younger days: when she knew she loved John, the the weather conditions had been equal and she, as a modest girl with attractive face and long and bright hair, had been happy to pulled towards her, a young bank manager. Her skin like silk had attracted as he saw her on the beach, and regardless of timidity his he had bought a box of chocolates – he said they were soft to the touch as she seemed to be.
Their ardent fate flourished and Jean murmured as she bore in mind vacations and picnics, swimming in the same sea she was looking at now and canoodling in the back row of the cinema. John never forgot wedding anniversary and was always purchasing her nice flowers and chocolates and leaving some flowers on the bed – even after 50 years of being together.
Her cheeks reddened as she remembered some ardent moments – caressing each other during an Opera performance; fantastic dinners in Turkey and comfortable days in hotel bedrooms when on holiday, scarcely leaving their room, so crazy they were about their passion.
A hand gently met her hand and she looked up: here he was, her John, now 72 but still with a twinkle in his eye. He knew her so well that he straight away knew what she was thinking.
“I know fun wasn’t it, old lady? You are still the love of my life!”
Ah a romantic thought now she identified they were too old and John couldn’t coped with his impotence. Erectile dysfunction – what a medical condition identify something so unhappy.
On the other hand John had a surprise; he had been evoking too, and had discovered a website for generic Viagra and generic cialis on the Internet. He had placed an order some generic Viagra tablets, which claimed they would be able to help him to obtain his former sexual capability. Right now, he had a pack of generic Viagra in his pocket and a plan in his mind. A romantic walk near the sea, delicious banquet a relaxing walk and then home... where he intended to lie their passion again.

 

  • Written by Muhammad Ejaz
  • 17 Sep

25 Uses for Essential Oils in Your Daily Life

Aromatherapy is a growing area of interest as North America continues its search for alternative and complimentary applications of natural medicines. The use of herbal supplements in our daily lives is one excellent example of this.
Aromatherapy, however, is still in the realm of uncertainty. People are familiar with the term, most have heard of essential oils, but still few know how to use them in practical applications.
Here's a short list of some examples of ways to enhance your daily life with essential oils.

Diffuse in air with a ceramic or electric diffuser to clean or fragrance the air.
Facial steam - add a few drops of oils to boiling water, place your face over the bowl and drape your head with a towel and breathe deeply.
Bath water - add 4-10 drops to your bath or jacuzzi.
Skin spray - add 4-10 drops of oil to 60 mls (2 oz) distilled water in a misting bottle then spray skin for a fresh uplift to the day.
Linen spray to freshen sheets & towels - same as the skin spray but mix 20-30 drops to 60 ml (2 oz) and spray your sheets.
Remove the cap from the oil bottle and breathe deeply for a quick pick-me-up.
Room spray - same as linen spray but the concentration is 50-75 drops to 60 ml (2 oz) of distilled water.
Hand or foot bath - add 4-6 drops of oil to warm water and soak your hands or feet in it. For tired feet, also add 2 tablespoons of epsom salts to the water.
Massage oil is easily made by adding 10-20 drops of oil to 30 ml (1 oz) of carrier oil, such as grapeseed, olive, sweet almond, jojoba, etc. Cut the amount of essential oil in half for children.
After your shower, put a few drops of oil on a washcloth and rub vigorously over your body.
Put a few drops of eucalyptus oil on a cloth by your pillow at night to help breathing when struck by a cold or flu.
Hot compresses are wonderful on sore, tired muscles. Add 5-10 drops of oil to hot (not boiling) water. Soak a cloth in the water, wring it out and place on the affected area. Repeat as needed.
Cold compresses - for headaches and swelling. Same as hot compresses but use cool to cold water.
Sniff lavender or peppermint for headaches.
Dab tea tree on acne pimples to help clear up the infections.
Revive old potpourri mixes by adding 10-20 drops to the mix and stirring.
Create your own perfumes by blending favourite oils in beeswax or oil bases and apply.
Sniff peppermint oil for nausea, including morning sickness, motion sickness and carnival rides.
For infant colic, apply a warm - not hot - compress with roman chamomile on the tummy.
Massage menstrual cramps with clary sage diluted in a vegetable carrier oil like grapeseed or jojoba.
Gently massage varicose veins with a massage oil containing cypress.
Add a few drops of eucalyptus to your shampoo to help dandruff problems.
Help smooth wrinkles by massaging nightly with a few drops of frankincense diluted in sweet almond oil or rosehip seed oil.
For depression diffuse jasmine or rose in the air.
After a long night on the town, add juniper to your bath to help detoxify your body.

Remember, that essential oils are generally too concentrated to use directly on your skin. They need to be diluted for application. As with anything, there are exceptions.
Lavender and tea tree are the most commonly used oils that can be applied directly on the skin (neat) in small doses.
There are many excellent resources on essential oils and their effects on body, spirit and mind. Some oils have contra-indications so it is important that you learn about any oil before using it.
Essential oils are great companions to enhancing your daily life, when used appropriately.
Break out a bottle of oil and sniff it today!

ZZZZZZ

  • Written by Muhammad Ejaz
  • 17 Sep

20 Signs that you may have a problem with booze.

Do you ever wonder if you have a problem with your drinking. This article lists some behaviours that might suggest a drinking problem.

 

Keywords:
alcoholic, living with an alcoholic, enabling, co-dependency

 

Article Body:
You know that you have got a problem with booze when:

1 before every party or social occasion your partner asks you “not to drink too much tonight”.

2 you feel that everyone in your company drinks too slowly or doesn’t know how to let their hair down and have a good time – like you.

3 you are having extra drinks when you go to the bar, because (see number 2).

4 you hate going to any social occasion if there is no opportunity to drink.

5 you think about drinking constantly, can’t wait to finish work to go and have a drink, can’t wait to be finished ..anything.. to go and have a drink.

6 you hide alcohol around the house, garage, office, wherever.

7 you lie about how much you drink and how often you are drunk, always minimising the amount.

8 you can’t, or find it difficult, to set a limit on the number of drinks and keep to it.

9 you drink too much at inappropriate times, embarrass your family, friends and self.

10 you feel guilty about the night before and have difficulty looking people in the eye.

11 your hands shake in the morning

12 you feel sweaty on waking and for most of the day

13 the previous night’s drinking is a bit of a blur, or worse still a blank.

14 your partner increasingly criticises your drinking

15 your friends increasingly criticise your drinking

16 your co-workers and/or boss increasingly criticise your drinking

17 you don’t count your money in dollars or ponds but in the number of drinks that it will buy

18 you are always the last of your group to leave the bar and the first to suggest another bar or another drink somewhere else.

19 you find it increasingly difficult to talk to people or socialise without having had a drink.

20 you want a drink as soon as you wake up

If you experience a couple of them occasionally it does not necessarily mean that you have a problem with booze. It is when these signs are regular features of your drinking that they are significant. We can all overindulge on occasion but if these occasions are becoming more frequent and you are experiencing an increasing number of these signs then maybe you need to take a hard look at your lifestyle and your drinking. Also you do not need to be experiencing all of these signs to have a problem, a few of them is more than enough. If you do feel that you need help check with your family doctor sooner rather than later. Like most problems, drinking problems are easier to treat when they are detected early.
<br><a href="/http://www.submitsuite.com/products/article-submitter.htm">This article was published using Article Submitter</a>

 

  • Written by Muhammad Ejaz
  • 17 Sep

29 Off-The-Wall Reasons To Get In Better Shape

Establishing clear expectations while working out often can be the difference between success and failure. Too many people try to do too much and get frustrated. Instead of "lasering" in on a few great strategies, they try to do as many things as possible. As they say, "Jack of all trades, master of none" applies here.

 

Keywords:
getting in shape, the secret, weight training, gym, working out, reasons to get in shape, weight loss, losing weight, diet, lose weight, exercise

 

Article Body:
Copyright 2006 Brad Howard

Establishing clear expectations while working out often can be the difference between success and failure. Too many people try to do too much and get frustrated. Instead of “lasering” in on a few great strategies, they try to do as many things as possible. As they say, “Jack of all trades, master of none” applies here.

To help renew your spirits of why proper diet and exercise is important for the New Year, I’ve compiled a somewhat comical list. See how many apply to you:

• Because it costs you (or your loved ones) over 5 million pennies in future health care if you aren’t

• Because feeling better tomorrow starts today

• Because torture is a bad persuasion technique

• Because studies show that fit people make more money

• Because if you don’t, you suck

• Because movie stars do it

• Because performers do it

• Because everyone that is cool in your life, does it

• Because you CAN commit 1.5 hrs/wk out of 176

• Because avoiding a wheelchair is a good thing

• Because hugs are better when you can actually wrap your arms around someone

• Because your kids really don’t want to put you in a rest home

• Because no matter what you keep telling yourself, thick is not sexy

• Because feeling grandpa’s muscles at Thanksgiving can be a yearly ritual

• Because cottage cheese is for fruit

• Because squeezing into a size 6 means you’re not a size 6

• Because love making is much more fun without the extra rolls

• Because being able to see your toes……hmmmm

• Because bigger clothes cost more money

• Because shopping for smaller clothes raises spirits

• Because hitting the State Fair and observing everyone shouldn’t be the only thing that puts a smile on your face

• Because having the woman in your life open a stuck jar of pickles for you is embarrassing

• Because no matter what anyone says, women are always in competition with each other. You do want to win, right?

• Because you had to ask your 10 year old son to take out the trash…..after all you couldn’t lift it

• Because beer makes everyone else look better while making you look worse

• Because weight training makes you look better while making everyone else look worse (see competition in women)

• Because yelling at the gym is a lot better than yelling at work (unless you are a cheerleader)

• Because “Shut your mouth or I’ll kick your ___,” now actually has meaning

• Because being told you look 40 when you are actually 60 does something strange to self confidence

Again, make sure to renew your sense of self worth this holiday season and strive to become a healthier you. Great information is always key but watch out for the dreaded “information overload.” Get equipped and make ’06 the best year of your life.

 

  • Written by Muhammad Ejaz
  • 17 Sep

20 Ways to Reduce Blood Pressure Naturally

Do You know someone who suffers from high blood pressure? Maybe You? Then this is good news!
Are you aware that there are simple and inexpensive ways to control blood pressure with food and supplements you already have in your kitchen?
Intelligent health conscious people like You can naturally understand these strategies to help maintain lower blood pressure levels.
Because when you understand and follow through with these steps, you will feel more energy and enjoy the benefits of lower blood pressure.
In my 10 years of studying nutrition and over 5 years of helping others solve their health problems, I have found that the experts agree that these steps are some of the most effective in lowering blood pressure naturally.
1. CoQ10 supplements – CoEnzyme Q10 or CoQ10 For short is a powerful anti-oxidant which is in every cell in your body. Your body uses CoQ10 to derive Energy.
In a double-blind placebo controlled study published in The Journal of Human Hypertension, The group which took CoQ10 for just 8 weeks showed a significant reduction of blood pressure.
Also in a University of Texas study, people taking oral CoQ10 after just one month experienced significant lowering of blood pressure and 51% of participants were able to discontinue blood pressure medication.
As a side note, blood pressure medication prevents the body from not only manufacturing its own CoQ10, but also your body’s ability to absorb CoQ10. recommended dose: 100-200 mg gel caps each day to help lower blood pressure.
2. Vitamins, Herbs and Anti-oxidants
The following are Doctor recommended daily amounts.

Vitamin C - 1000 mg
Garlic - 2 cloves
Hawthorn berry - 500 mg
Omega 3 fatty acid fish oil Gel caps - 1000 mg
Vitamin b6 in a natural multivitamin
Magnesium - 500 mg
Astragalus root 500mg

3. Food Sources:
In a Greek study that examined the effects of the Mediterranean diet on 20,000 people proved that olive Oil, Fruits and Vegetables were significantly associated with lower systolic and diastolic blood pressure.
Celery - 4 sticks a day, relaxes the smooth muscles in the blood vessels.
Fresh cold water fish which is high in Omega-3 fatty Acids.
Salt - let’s understand the real reason why salt is important to your blood pressure.
We’ve all heard that you need to cut down on sodium in your diet, although this is not bad advice, it misses the point. High sodium intake alone does not increase blood pressure, it is an excess of sodium to potassium ratio.
The ideal ratio is five times as much potassium as sodium in Your diet. You’ll get the best results by eating three servings A day of potassium rich foods such as:

Bananas – 1 large
Avocados – 1 cup
Beans – ½ cup
Squash – 1 cup
Tomatoes – ½ cup

Low levels of magnesium can also contribute to high Blood pressure, so here are some Magnesium rich foods:

Almonds – 1/3 cup
Tofu – ½ cup
Cashews – 1 cup
Raisin bran – 1/3 cup

And finally lets talk about what level of blood pressure is considered high. Right now the threshold pushed by mainstream medicine is 115/75 – 120/80 which WAS considered borderline LOW just 5 years ago.
This is because the standard for “high” blood pressure, just like the standard for cholesterol is repeatedly lowered to put more people on medication. Your individual risk factors and age play a big role in determining what is a good blood pressure level for YOU.
So don’t just accept a one size fits all number when it comes to your blood pressure. Ask questions and discuss your health with a nutritionally educated Doctor to find what is best for you.
So what about YOU? Are You going to let the silent killer Sneak up on you? Or are You going to take action that will make this highly unlikely?
When You safe-guard Yourself with these proven techniques which You can easily incorporate into your life, then You will reap the healthy benefits.
Used in combination these natural, safe and proven techniques work wonders to keep your blood pressure down and allow you to experience a higher level of health without the unwanted side effects.
So take action now and get started today to do one thing from each of the three points above. Each day incorporate the food and supplements listed and You are well on Your way to lower blood pressure. These are proven, safe and inexpensive steps so You can enjoy the benefits now.
Sources:

Singh RB, Niaz MA, Rostogi SS, et al. “Effect of Hydrosoluble coenzyme Q10 on blood pressure in Hypertensive patients with coronary artery disease”. Journal of Human Hypertension. 1999 Mar;13(3):203-208.
Dr. Al Sears, Lynn Sonberg, The Doctor’s Heart Cure, St. Paul MN, Dragon Door Publications, pgs 176-181
Daily Dose, Dr. William Campbell Douglas, “Of spice and men” 3/15/2005
Dr. Al Sears, Health alert, “Lower Blood pressure Naturally”, 3/8/2005
Dr Al Sears, Health Alert, “Lower blood pressure without drugs”, 7/3/2003.
ZZZZZZ

  • Written by Muhammad Ejaz
  • 17 Sep

30% Of All People Suffer From Sinus Infections

Have you ever felt like your head is going to explode? Felt intense pressure behind your eyes making it next to impossible to concentrate. Had headaches, pain in the upper jaws, fever, coughs and runny nose? If your answer is yes, then you could be suffering from Sinus infection.
According to Mark Cichocki, our sinuses are air pockets located inside the bones in the skull. They are located to either side of the nose (maxillary), behind and in between the eyes (ethmoid), in the forehead (frontal), and there is one much further back in the head (sphenoid). These spaces contain mucus that drains by way of small pin holes in the sinuses. When these sinuses grow swollen and prevents the proper drain of mucus, sinusitis is the result. Sinusitis attacks may last until 12 weeks or more depending on the gravity of the infection. Unlike colds which is viral, sinusitis may sometimes be caused by bacteria. The accumulated mucus from the plugged sinuses serves as the breeding ground for these microorganisms. At least 30% of the population suffers from sinusitis each year.
Sinusitis can be treated with the right dose of antibiotics usually from fourteen to twenty-one days of continued medication. After that, another week is devoted to continued intake of the antibiotics even after the symptoms have disappeared. However, immediate measures have to taken if the medication causes negative effects. A change in medicine can be done. Sinusitis that have come to the chronic stage may sometimes be caused not by bacteria but by fungus making it prudent to have a sample of the infected material to determine the real culprit and be able to decide which antibiotic is best suited for the condition.
Preventing the occurrence of sinus infections require the appropriate amounts of rest, a well-balanced diet, and exercise can help the body function at its most efficient level and maintain a general resistance to infections. Eliminating environmental factors, such as climate and pollutants, is not always possible, but they can often be controlled. As always, it is good to have preventive measures undertaken to decrease your chances of contracting this disease. Like what they say, “An ounce of prevention is better than a pound of cure.”
Having a strong constitution and immune system is our best defense against diseases like this and it is of outmost importance to know the factors that can weaken it.
ZZZZZZ

  • Written by Muhammad Ejaz
  • 17 Sep

24 Good Reasons Why You May Need Vitamin Supplements

Many people believe that eating a well balanced diet provides all the vitamins and minerals necessary for good health. In ideal circumstances, this is the case, but in reality there are many reasons why you may need vitamin supplements to cope with living in the twentieth century environment. Taking vitamins when required is a safe method of optimizing your dietary sources of nutrients, providing you follow the instructions on product labels.
1. Poor Digestion
Even when your food intake is good, inefficient digestion can limit your body’s uptake of vitamins. Some common causes of inefficient digestion are not chewing well enough and eating too fast. Both of these result in larger than normal food particle size, too large to allow complete action of digestive enzymes. Many people with dentures are unable to chew as efficiently as those with a full set of original teeth.
2. Hot Coffee, Tea and Spices
Habitual drinking of liquids that are too hot, or consuming an excess of irritants such as coffee, tea or pickles and spices can cause inflammation of the digestive linings, resulting in a drop in secretion of digestive fluids and poorer extraction of vitamins and minerals from food.
3. Alcohol
Drinking too much alcohol is known to damage the liver and pancreas which are vital to digestion and metabolism. It can also damage the lining of the intestinal tract and adversely affect the absorption of nutrients, leading to sub-clinical malnutrition. Regular heavy use of alcohol increases the body’s need for the B-group vitamins, particularly thiamine, niacin, pyridoxine, folic acid and vitamins B12, A and C as well as the minerals zinc, magnesium and calcium. Alcohol affects availability, absorption and metabolism of nutrients.
4. Smoking
Smoking too much tobacco is also an irritant to the digestive tract and increases the metabolic requirements of Vitamin C, all else being equal, by at least 30mg per cigarette over and above the typical requirements of a non-smoker. Vitamin C which is normally present in such foods as paw paws, oranges and capsicums, oxidizes rapidly once these fruits are cut, juiced, cooked or stored in direct sunlight or near heat. Vitamin C is important to the immune function.
5. Laxatives
Overuse of laxatives can result in poor absorption of vitamins and minerals from food, by hastening the intestinal transit time. Paraffin and other mineral oils increase losses of fat soluble vitamins A, E and K. Other laxatives used to excess can cause large losses of minerals such as potassium, sodium and magnesium.
6. Fad Diets
Bizarre diets that miss out on whole groups of foods can be seriously lacking in vitamins. Even the popular low fat diets, if taken to an extreme, can be deficient in vitamins A, D and E. Vegetarian diets, which can exclude meat and other animal sources, must be very skillfully planned to avoid vitamin B12 deficiency, which may lead to anemia.
7. Overcooking
Lengthy cooking or reheating of meat and vegetables can oxidize and destroy heat susceptible vitamins such as the B-group, C and E. Boiling vegetables leaches the water soluble vitamins B-group and C as well as many minerals. Light steaming is preferable. Some vitamins, such as vitamin B6 can be destroyed by irradiation from microwaves.
8. Food Processing
Freezing food containing vitamin E can significantly reduce its levels once defrosted. Foods containing vitamin E exposed to heat and air can turn rancid. Many common sources of vitamin E, such as bread and oils are nowadays highly processed, so that the vitamin E content is significantly reduced or missing totally, which increases storage life but can lower nutrient levels. Vitamin E is an antioxidant which defensively inhibits oxidative damage to all tissues. Other vitamin losses from food processing include vitamin B1 and C.
9. Convenience Foods
A diet overly dependent on highly refined carbohydrates, such as sugar, white flour and white rice, places greater demand on additional sources of B-group vitamins to process these carbohydrates. An unbalanced diet contributes to such conditions as irritability, lethargy and sleep disorders.
10. Antibiotics
Some antibiotics although valuable in fighting infection, also kill off friendly bacteria in the gut, which would normally be producing B-group vitamins to be absorbed through the intestinal walls. Such deficiencies can result in a variety of nervous conditions, therefore it may be advisable to supplement with B-group vitamins when on a lengthy course of broad spectrum antibiotics.
11. Food Allergies
The omission of whole food groups from the diet, as in the case of individuals allergic to gluten or lactose, can mean the loss of significant dietary sources of nutrients such as thiamine, riboflavin or calcium.
12. Crop Nutrient Losses
Some agricultural soils are deficient in trace elements. Decades of intensive agriculture can overwork and deplete soils, unless all the soil nutrients, including trace elements, are regularly replaced. This means that food crops can be depleted of nutrients due to poor soil management. In one U.S Government survey, levels of essential minerals in crops were found to have declined by up to 68 per cent over a four year period in the 1970’s.
13. Accidents and Illness
Burns lead to a loss of protein and essential trace nutrients such as vitamins and minerals. Surgery increases the need for zinc, vitamin E and other nutrients involved in the cellular repair mechanism. The repair of broken bones will be retarded by an inadequate supply of calcium and vitamin C and conversely enhanced by a full dietary supply. The challenge of infection places high demand on the nutritional resources of zinc, magnesium and vitamins B5, B6 and zinc.
14. Stress
Chemical, physical and emotional stresses can increase the body’s requirements for vitamins B2, B5, B6 and C. Air pollution increases the requirements for vitamin E.
15. P.M.T
Research has demonstrated that up to 60 per cent of women suffering from symptoms of premenstrual tension, such as headaches, irritability, bloated ness, breast tenderness, lethargy and depression can benefit from supplementation with vitamin B6.
16. Teenagers
Rapid growth spurts such as in the teenage years, particularly in girls, place high demands on nutritional resources to underwrite the accelerated physical, biochemical and emotional development in this age group. Data from the USA Ten State Nutrition Survey (in 1968-70 covering a total of 24,000 families and 86,000 individuals) showed that between 30-50 per cent of adolescents aged 12-16 had dietary intakes below two thirds of the recommended daily averages for Vitamin A, C, calcium and iron.
17. Pregnant Women
Pregnancy creates higher than average demands for nutrients, to ensure healthy growth of the baby and comfortable confinement for the mother. Nutrients which typically require increase during pregnancy are the B-group, especially B1, B2, B3, B6, folic acid and B12, A, D, E and the minerals calcium, iron, magnesium, zinc and phosphorous.
The Ten State Nutrition Survey in the USA in 1968-70 showed that as many as 80 per cent of the pregnant women surveyed had dietary intakes below two thirds of recommended daily allowances. Professional assessment of nutrient requirements during pregnancy should be sought.
18. Oral Contraceptives
Oral Contraceptives can decrease absorption of folic acid and increase the need for vitamin B6, and possibly vitamin C, zinc and riboflavin. Approximately 22 per cent of Australian women aged 15-44 are believed to be on “the pill” at any one time.
19. Light Eaters
Some people eat very sparingly, even without weight reduction goals. US dietary surveys have shown that an average woman maintains her weight on 7560 kilojoules per day, at which level her diet is likely to be low in thiamine, calcium and iron.
20. The Elderly
The aged have been shown to have a low intake of vitamins and minerals, particularly iron, calcium and zinc. Folic acid deficiency is often found, in conjunction with vitamin C deficiency. Fibre intake is often low. Riboflavin (B2) and pyridoxine (B6) deficiencies have also been observed. Possible causes include impaired sense of taste and smell, reduced secretion of digestive enzymes, chronic disease and, maybe, physical impairment.
21. Lack of Sunlight
Invalids, shift workers and people whose exposure to sunlight may be minimal can suffer from insufficient amounts of vitamin D, which is required for calcium metabolism, without which rickets and osteoporosis (bone thinning) has been observed. Ultraviolet light is the stimulus to vitamin D formation in skin. It is blocked by cloud, fog, smog, smoke, ordinary window glass, curtains and clothing. The maximum recommended daily supplement intake of vitamin D is 400 i.u.
22. Bio-Individuality
Wide fluctuations in individual nutrient requirements from the official recommended average vitamin and mineral intakes are common, particularly for those in high physical demand vocations, such as athletics and manual labor, taking into account body weight and physical type. Protein intake influences the need for vitamin B6 and vitamin B1 is linked to kilo joule intake.
23. Low Body Reserves
Although the body is able to store reserves of certain vitamins such as A and E, Canadian autopsy data has shown that up to thirty percent of the population have reserves of vitamin A so low as to be judged “at risk”. Vitamin A is important to healthy skin and mucous membranes (including the sinus and lungs) and eyesight.
24. Athletes
Athletes consume large amounts of food and experience considerable stress. These factors affect their needs for B-group vitamins, vitamin C and iron in particular. Tests on Australian Olympic athletes and A-grade football players, for example, have shown wide ranging vitamin deficiencies.
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